📚 node [[rosa luxemburg]]

Rosa Luxemburg


  • [[Revolutionary socialist]] thinker
  • Part of the [[German Revolution]]
  • Marxist critiques
    • what are the limits to capitalist expansion
    • expanded reproduction
    • surplus value turning into active capital - disagrees that this is endless
    • there are more than just workers and capitalists in a vacuum
    • someone has to consume the leftover surplus value - who is it?
      • social strata or societies that do not engage in capitalist production
  • "[[Socialism or Barbarism]]"
  • Capitalism containing inner contraditions that are seeds of its own self-destruction
    • Luxemburg makes many accurate predictions off the back of this
    • metabolism happens exponentially across the world stage
  • Betrayed by the social democratic left
  • Murdered

Rosa Luxemburg practiced a class struggle social democracy that struggled for radical reforms, and combined mass strikes and parliamentary action. Luxemburg practiced dialectics of party/movements, organisation/spontaneity, intellectual leadership/masses.

[[Communicative Socialism/Digital Socialism]]

Sounds like much to say on [[Beyond the horizontal and the vertical]].


  • imperialism: political expression of process of accumulation of capitalism in competitive struggle over unspoiled remains of the non-capitalist world environment
    • an international expression of capitalism
  • colonialism is a form of imperialism
  • capitalism drives imperialism and colonialism
    • it's the process of extracting commodities, resources and labour power from primitive social relations and absorbing it in to the capitalist wage system
    • defile natural economy
    • so many examples of capitalist-fueled imperialism
    • the accumulation of capital knows only violence

See [[Anti-imperialism]].


  • internationalist view of political and economic frameworks of Marxism


  • The Accumulation of Capital
  • The Mass Strike
  • Reform or Revolution
    • rejecting Bernstein
    • overtly reject capitalism through socialist revolution
    • will be ignited through growing class consciousness
    • believe in party structure
      • democratic in how she views that transition
      • believe in councils
      • but have to actively and democratically involve majority of oppressed of working class

Views on vanguardism

Her longing persists: a vanguard firm enough to gain power yet supple enough to wield it humanely.

[[Vanguard Stacks: Self-Governing against Digital Colonialism]]


Her first loves were zoology and botany. ([[Red Rosa]])


📖 stoas
⥱ context
⥅ related node [[20200607220015 rosa_luxemburg]]